Anabolic Steroids - 17β-hydroxy-4-androsten-3-one steroids.jpg


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-Officially know as anabolic-androgenic steroids.(AAS)
-Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids is a drug which mimic the effects of the male steroids testosterone and dihydrotestosterone.
-They increase protein sythesis in cells which results mainly in build up in muscle.
-Their use is known as "doping" and is banned in all major sporting bodies.
-This hormone was first identified by Karoly Gyula David, E. Dingemanse, J. Freud and Ernst Laqueur in a May 1935.



How it is made:

The development of Steroids was pursued in the 1940's, in the Soviet Union and in East Germany where the use of steroids was to to enhance the performance of Olympic and other amatuer weight lifters. Scientists were working with this drug to try to reduce the androgenic effects. This drugs was first used mostly for burn victims and the elderly. Athlete's who used these drugs when they first were made we're only taking them in small dose. Ones who took large amounts often suffered from enlarged prostates and atrophied testes. AAS were placed on the list of banned substances of the IOC in 1976, and a decade later the committee introduced 'out-of-competition' doping tests because many athletes used AAS in their training period rather than during competition.

Three major ideas governed modifications of testosterone into a multitude of AAS: alkylation at 17-alpha position with methyl or ethyl group created orally active compounds because it slows the degradation of the drug by the liver, esterification of testosterone and nortestosterone at the 17-beta position allows the substance to be administered parenterally and increases the duration of effectiveness because agents soluble in oily liquids may be present in the body for several months, and finally alterations of the ring structure were applied for both oral and parenteral agents to seeking to obtain different anabolic to androgenic effect ratios.

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How it effects us:
Steroids can be a very dangerous drug. Some health risks can be produced by long-term use or excessive doses of anabolicsteroids. Some on the risks may effect changes in cholesterol levels, acne, high blood pressure, liver damage (only when drug is taken orally),and even dangerous changes in the structure of the left ventricle of the heart. Anabolic Steroids is illegal in all major sporting events. Over the past 20 years there have been many conflicts in sports that you may have heard involving anabolic steroids. They have been banned from sports and is considered "cheating" as Anabolic Steroids is a muscle inhancer. With the risk of athletes "cheating" in sports organizations have been testing athletes before they are cleared to play.

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Interesting Fact About Anabolic Steroids:
Effects of Anabolic Steroids can we terrible acne, decrease in sperm production, and even involvment of breasts.



Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anabolic_steroid
http://www.lifeinthefastlane.ca/wp-content/uploads/2008/05/body_builder_1sfw.gif
http://www.isteroids.com/images/anabolic_steroids.jpg
http://www.muscleenhancers.com/steroids/
http://www.peelregion.ca/health/commhlth/bodyimg/steroid.htm
http://www.anabolicsmall.com/
http://www.wired.com/images_blogs/wiredscience/images/2008/08/25/steroidwarning_3.jpg